Water & Wastewater treatment (WWT) includes processes that purify water & manage sewage. It utilizes technologies, products, and services to improve water quality for diverse purposes & ensure environmentally friendly wastewater disposal. The water treatment process makes raw water safe for drinking, industry, and irrigation. Wastewater treatment purifies sewage before releasing or reusing it, as untreated wastewater poses health & environmental risks due to pollutants. Proper treatment is vital for safeguarding the environment & public health.
Market Insights & Analysis: India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market (2023-28):
The India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market size was valued at USD 1.51 billion in 2022 & is estimated to grow at a CAGR of around 11.22% during the forecast period, i.e., 2023-28. This is owing to the rising water & wastewater treatment initiatives by the union government, growing urban wastewater aligned with rapid urbanization, surging wetland restorations, and rising growth of the chemical industry.
The government of India has been implementing various initiatives, such as the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation, the National Mission for Clean Ganga, and Community Drinking Water Schemes, etc., in recent years. With this program, the government aims to ensure adequate, robust sewage networks & water supply, abatement of pollution & conservation of rivers, safe & adequate drinking water, etc. Consequently, the country has witnessed a surging demand for water & wastewater treatment solutions such as reverse-osmosis desalination, coagulation & flocculation, filtration, chlorination, and more in recent times.
|Study Period||Historical Data: 2018-21|
|Base Year: 2022|
|Forecast Period: 2023-28|
|Region Covered||North, South, East, West|
|Key Companies Profiled||Larsen & Toubro, Ion Exchange, Thermax, Veolia, Suez, SPML Infra, VA Tech WABAG, Triveni Engineering, Nalco Water, Toshiba, Others|
|Market Value (2022)||USD 1.51 Billion|
Further, rapid urbanization and economic reforms in India have led to an upsurge in sewage water in cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, and Chennai. The Central Pollution Control Board's 2022 report revealed urban centers generated approximately 72,368 million liters per day (MLD) of sewage in 2020-21. The installed sewage treatment capacity is around 31,841 MLD, yet the operational capacity is only about 26,869 MLD, significantly lower than the generated load. Merely 28% (20,236 MLD) of urban sewage undergoes treatment, leaving around 72% untreated and disposed into water bodies. To counter this, government initiatives via partnerships, investments, and promote wastewater treatment. for instance:
The necessity to manage urban sewage is projected to propel the Water and Wastewater Treatment Market in the forecast period, as governments & environmental organizations are expected to collaborate & invest in advanced treatment methods to address the challenges posed by escalating urban sewage generation.
India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market Driver:
Government Inclination Towards Sludge & Greywater Management – During the historical years, the Indian government focused on the management of wastewater due to various reasons such as water stress & water pollution affecting the environment as well as human health. The appealing policies of the Indian government have catalyzed economic growth, leading to a substantial increase in foreign direct investment (FDI) to approximately USD 83.57 billion during the fiscal year 2021-22. This reflects a remarkable growth of about USD 23.35 billion when compared to 2016-17.
This growth has additionally led to the expansion of various industries, such as textiles, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals, among others, within the country & would require a massive addition to the water capacity & wastewater treatment facilities. Moreover, the increasing manufacturing activities in the country & government projects were back on track at full throttle, resulting in a sudden uptick in demand for water treatment systems.
Furthermore, the proposed expansion of oil & gas pipelines in western India, city gas distribution in Delhi NCR, and UP would contribute immensely to the demand for water treatment in recent years. Along with this, robust governmental initiatives, such as the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation, National Mission for Clean Ganga, Jal Jeevan Mission, and Community Drinking Water Schemes, contribute to the growth of the Indian Water and Wastewater Treatment Market in the forthcoming years.
India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market Opportunity:
Spike in Semiconductor Manufacturing to Create Profitable Potential for the Market – Presently, the semiconductor industry in India is in its nascent stage. Recently, the Government of India has witnessed it as an emerging industry due to the upsurge in demand for digital devices across the country. The semiconductor foundries are majorly located in Taiwan & China, and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company is the largest industry globally. However, due to the consistent threat of Chinese invasion, the company has announced diversification of its operations by setting up a foundry in India.
Also, as the semiconductor foundry requires extensive use of water, the discharge of wastewater from such foundries is very high. Therefore, the semiconductor industry is expected to be one of the major opportunity areas for WWT OEMs during the next five years.
India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market Challenge:
Lack of Standardized Law for Wastewater Management – Untreated sewage & industrial waste significantly contaminates India's water bodies. The 1974 Water Act initiated measures for conservation, pollution control, and wastewater guidelines. It led to central & state pollution boards overseeing pollution & innovative wastewater practices. The 1986 Environment Act set discharge standards for diverse pollutants. Although the Indian Constitution's Schedule 7 designates water as a state matter, the central government can legislate interstate water issues.
This dynamic creates a power imbalance between central & state governments, leading to conflicts. This fragmented approach hampers wastewater treatment implementation, further impeding the Water & Wastewater Treatment Market growth in the years ahead due to the absence of uniform laws in the country.
India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market Trend:
Expansion of the Swimming Pool Industry – In 2022, the Indian swimming pool industry was highly underpenetrated. India had one of the lowest pool counts (1 swimming pool for 120,000 citizens) per 100,000 residents across the globe. However, the market has gained momentum amid a sudden rise in the construction of high-rise buildings equipped with swimming pools, expansion of the hotel industry, and focus on swimming as one of the key physical activities in educational institutes.
In 2023, cities such as Delhi NCR, Mumbai, Pune, Bengaluru, and Ahmedabad are the main markets for swimming pools, cornering more than 80% of the swimming pool count of India. Also, according to the Delhi Development Authority - Government of Delhi, the country’s pool equipment market is expected to soar at a CAGR of around 9.01% during 2023-28. Therefore, the swimming pool industry is expected to be one of the new markets for WWT equipment OEMs in the coming years, further becoming a trend in the India Water & Wastewater Treatment Market.
India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market (2023-28): Segmentation Analysis
The India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market study of MarkNtel Advisors evaluates & highlights the major trends & influencing factors in each segment & includes predictions for the period 2023–28 at the global, regional, and national levels. In accordance to the analysis, the market has been further classified as:
Based on Offering:
The Water & Wastewater Treatment segment is projected to acquire a major share market during 2023-28. This is propelled by technological advancements, growing clean water initiatives, and the rapid expansion of the food & beverage industry. Emerging water & wastewater technologies such as advanced membrane filtration, microbial fuel cells, and reverse osmosis membranes have catalyzed a shift in treatment practices across sectors like chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and textiles. This transition to modern technologies has fueled the rising demand for advanced water & wastewater treatment solutions in recent years.
Moreover, the Indian dairy & beverage sector is set to expand due to government initiatives like the National Dairy Plan and Rashtriya Gokul Mission, urban demand, health awareness, and growth in the hospitality industry. This robust growth is attracting investment & expansion of new firms. According to ICRA, Indian dairy companies could achieve around 12-14% revenue growth in FY23.
As the sector expands, precise water & wastewater treatment is crucial to reduce waste-organic content, remove pollutants, and deactivate pathogens, hence fostering the market in the forecast period.
Based on End User:
Municipal segment is expected to hold a significant share of the India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market during 2023-28, owing to the rising urbanization, population growth, regulatory compliance, and infrastructure initiatives across the country. In addition, strengthened environmental regulations have prompted Indian municipalities to enhance their water treatment systems, proactively ensuring compliance & reducing contamination risks.
Moreover, the Indian government's 2019 Jal Jeevan Mission aims for 100% safe drinking water via individual tap connections, including enhancing water source quality & implementing effective treatment. In addition, rising government-urged community purification plants (CWPPs) target around 8-10 liters daily per capita for consumption, driving demand for treatment solutions in the near future.
Furthermore, more than 280 thermal power plants are operational in India as of March 2022. For every unit of energy generated by thermal power plants, around 3.5 liters of water is used in India. Coal power plants use around 4.6 billion cubic meters of freshwater per year, enough to meet the basic needs of 250 million people in India. In addition, rising greenfield investments in chemicals, food processing, pharmaceuticals, textiles, etc., to boost the demand for industrial water treatment in the forecast period.
India Water & Wastewater Treatment Industry Recent Development
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Frequently Asked Questions
A. India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of around 11.22% during 2023-2028.
A. The Government inclination towards sludge & greywater management is to drive the India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market during 2023-28.
A. The top players in the India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market are Larsen & Toubro, Ion Exchange, Thermax, Veolia, Suez, SPML Infra, VA Tech WABAG, Triveni Engineering, Nalco Water, Toshiba, and Others.
A. Treatment of both Water and Wastewater is the leading offering in the India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market.
A. Expansion of the Swimming Pool industry in the country is the key trend in the India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market
A. The spike in semiconductor manufacturing is the growth opportunity driving the India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market through 2028.
A. Lack of standardized law for wastewater management are the possible restraints affecting the growth of the India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market.
A. Industrial & municipal is the potential end-user of India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market.
India Water and Wastewater Treatment Market Research Report (2023-2028) - Table of Contents